Whether you're cooking indoors or out, when you see a fire, here's what the New York Fire Department wants you to do.

black and white fire flame illustration
Illustration by Joel Holland
| Credit: Illustration by Joel Holland

Act Fast

If a fire starts in your kitchen, you have 30 seconds to a minute to put it out before it's out of your control, says Captain Michael Kozo of the FDNY Fire Safety Education Unit. If you can't stop the fire, call 911, close the door behind you, and get to safety.

Put Out the Fire

Many people have a fire extinguisher but don't know how to use it. Remember the acronym PASS: Pull the pin. Aim at the base of the fire. Squeeze the trigger. And Sweep the extinguisher side to side to reach all areas of the fire.

Or Smother It

If you've got a grease fire in a pan, you need to smother it. Put the lid on the pan and/or douse the flames (from a safe distance) with baking soda. To prevent a flare-up, leave the lid on until you're sure the fire is completely out.

Move the Grill

When you're setting up the grill, make sure it's at least 10 feet away from your house. And keep kids at least three feet away from the grill. If you can, put the grill in a low-traffic area just to make the kid-control a little bit easier.

And Clean It

Before you light up the grill, make sure it's clean. Gunky grates and greasy drip trays can turn into flare-ups that can quickly get out of hand. Scrub the grates with a wire grill brush or a wadded-up ball of aluminum foil. Now bring on the ribs!